Solving Oil Water Separator Problems

Stormwater Processing Oil Water Separators Specification and Design

Stormwater Processing Oil Water Separators Specification and Design

Environmental regulation of oil in water discharges is increasingly becoming more stringent; consequently stormwater processing oil water separators specification and design is increasing more complicated.

Stormwater processing systems have a number of possible applications for coalescing plate separators. These applications include various industrial plant facilities and commercial facilities, or anywhere that it is necessary to process contaminated stormwater. In the case of industrial plant facilities, the contaminated water must be treated if discharged to surface waters in order to meet the “no sheen” requirement of the Clean Water Act.

Stormwater Processing Oil Water Separators & CWA

The Clean Water Act (CWA) is the basic law governing oil in water discharges. Although the CWA  primarily controls discharges from Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTWs or sanitary sewer plants) and toxic discharges from industrial plants, it also governs the discharges of petroleum and other hydrocarbons into the waters of the United States.

Any discharges other than those covered by the permit are illegal. Stormwater discharges were covered under the CWA but not required to have permits under the system until 1990. “Stormwater discharges” refer to discharges consisting entirely of rainwater runoff, snowmelt runoff, or surface runoff and drainage. Waters that not meeting this definition are not covered by these regulations. These rules specify that facilities with stormwater discharges from “areas containing raw materials, intermediate products, finished products, by-product, or waste product located on site” will require a permit.

 

What Needs Processing

Stormwater has the largest number of possible applications for stormwater processing systems. Required oil or other hydrocarbon removal from stormwater happens before returning the water into the process cycle. Most of this pollution comes from the mixture of leaked or spilled oils associated with industrial facilities or even commercial facilities (truck depots, large service stations, etc.).

Potential sources for contaminated stormwater include oil change facilities and vehicle washing stations. Removing hydrocarbons present effluent water protects wetlands, streams, and lakes from possible contamination. These large quantities of sediments and other contaminants also enter surface waters by rainwater runoff and snowmelt.

Significant Contributors

Stormwater runoff is one of the most significant contributors of hydrocarbons into the environment. In addition to runoff from parking lots, rainwater runoff from large service stations, highways and bridges, and industrial sites contribute to the hydrocarbon content of rainwater. Oil and grease, heavy metals, and other contaminants found in rainwater and snowmelt can be very toxic to aquatic life and detract from the pleasurable use of streams, lakes, and bays. Many communities, especially the largest ones, utilize surface water for drinking water supplies and contaminants can be very difficult to remove for drinking water standards. It is necessary to remove oil from water before it may be discharged from facilities in order to not only meet the Clean Water Act, but to also protect both human and aquatic life.

The MSR Solution – Stormwater Processing Oil Water Separators

MSR has provided stormwater processing systems for a number of various industries. In most cases, installed systems go below ground and treat stormwater runoff; however, we install above ground separators when necessary. We often install coalescing systemsin underground concrete vaults, either cast-in-place or precast for processing stormwater from industrial and commercial facilities. We supply equipment kits for installation in existing or new cast-in-place systems as well as coordinatingwith some concrete precast vault companies, providing complete systems ready for below ground installation. Our stormwater processing systems produce effluent meeting the requirements for discharge of 10 mg/L or 15 mg/L effluent quality.

MSR stormwater processing systems are superior to stormwater filter systems. Filter system become plugged with solid particles within the water flow, and require frequent filter cartridge changes. The much wider spacing of the MSR HE-Plate coalescing modules is significantly less likely to the plugging of solids and is a permanent media, without the need for replacements.

Meet Regulations for Stormwater Processing Oil Water Separators

Stormwater continues to be a large supplier of hydrocarbons into the atmosphere while environmental regulations continue to become stricter. Regulation requires lower concentrations of hydrocarbons in effluent water. They require more cost-effective and reliable method for oil in water removal. API type systems are inadequate to ensure proper treatment. It is necessary to utilize a high-efficiency system for oil removal. MSR HE-Plate multiple angle separators ensure effluent water quality meets or exceeds federal, state, and local regulation requirements. These specially designed systems have proven sustainability under difficult conditions and continue to benefit a number of different stormwater operations.

To view and download the full paper, please click HERE.